The current Tobacco Product Directive (TPD), which includes alternative products such as electronic cigarettes and their liquids, requires manufacturer to conduct their own assessment on the presence of some toxic substances in the emissions. Each Member State is responsible for establishing the parameters to be checked and the criteria to determine the danger. Currently, France and the United Kingdom provided national guidelines or technical standards, that envisage the determination of the presence of x potentially toxic chemicals. In particular, France (through the AFNOR standards) requires the analysis of nicotine, diacetyl, aldehydes and heavy metals; while the United Kingdom (through the MHRA agency) requires the analysis of: nicotine, acetaldehyde, acrolein, formaldehyde and based on the liquid / device combination, diethylene glycol, ethylene glycol, diacetyl, 2,3 pentanedione, and the two nitrosamines (NNN and NNK), for a total of 10 parameters.
To protect the health of its consumers at most, FlavourArt tested 23 parameters in each product put on the European market. In the ClearStream Onward program, 22 of the 23 parameters tested are displayed: nicotine is not shown, as it’s present by definition thus it does not represent an added risk factor.